The concept of TDS was introduced with an aim to collect tax from the very source of income. As per this concept, a person (deductor) who is liable to make payment of specified nature to any other person (deductee) shall deduct tax at source and remit the same into the account of the Central Government. The deductee from whose income tax has been deducted at source would be entitled to get credit of the amount so deducted on the basis of Form 26AS or TDS certificate issued by the deductor.


Rates for deduct of tax at source

Taxes shall be deducted at the rates specified in the relevant provisions of the Act or the First Schedule to the Finance Act. However, in case of payment to non-resident persons, the withholding tax rates specified under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements shall also be considered


Q. How to pay Tax Deducted/Collected at source?

Answer. Tax deducted or collected at source shall be deposited to the credit of the Central Government by following modes:

  • Electronic mode: E-Payment is mandatory for
    1.  All corporate assesses; and
    2.  All assesses (other than company) to whom provisions of section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 are applicable.
  • Physical Mode: By furnishing the Challan 281 in the authorized bank branch



Where tax is deducted/collected by the government office, it can remit the tax to the Central Government without production of income-tax challan. In such case, the Pay and Accounts Officer or the Treasury Officer or the Cheque Drawing and Disbursing Officer or any other person by whatever name called to whom the deductor reports the tax so deducted and who is responsible for crediting such sum to the credit of the Central Government, shall submit a statement in Form No. NSDL with a prescribed time limit.

Question. How does the TDS calculated if I own more than one outlet?

Answer. In cases where there are multiple branches of the outlet and have the same ownership and bank details, the limit of not deducting TDS is Rs. 5000 as combined and not an individual outlet.